On Tue 16/03/10 2:59 PM , Philip Newton [log in to unmask] sent: > For /w/ it would be what? The computer thought it was an HTML tag since I did around it. It's ὺ. > Ah, so correspond to Hepburn , > respectively? I.e. they'reshortcuts for ? Are the shortened > forms obligatory or are they optional? Probably optional, just like I choose to write but some choose to use o with a macron. If you're going for representing the Japanese spelling (i.e. おう), you'd use , if you're going for sound you'd use .