Thank you! On Tue, Jun 8, 2010 at 5:51 PM, Dirk Elzinga <[log in to unmask]> wrote: > There is an aspirated/unaspirated distinction among voiceless stops but no > phonemic voiced stops, so the unaspirated voiceless stops will sound a lot > like voiced stops to the casual hearer. In my notes for the field methods > class I taught 3 years ago, I find a lot of word-medial voicing, but not so > much word-initially or -finally (there are some voiced stops in those > positions, but for the most part they occur early on in the semester, when I > was still getting used to listening). I don't remember now if there was a > regular phonetic process of medial voicing. In fact, there's a whole lot > about the phonology I still don't understand (vowel harmony in modern Xalx > Mongolian is far from straightforward because of rampant vowel reduction; > some triggering vowels reduce to schwa or are deleted altogether, but > harmony operates as if they were still there in full). > > FWIW, my favorite word in Xalx is [ɢudziɮzɡɨn] 'strawberry'. > > On Tue, Jun 8, 2010 at 9:30 AM, Andreas Johansson <[log in to unmask]>wrote: > >> Nothing to do with Conlanging, but I figured there's a better chance >> of people here knowing the answer than anywhere else that I frequent. >> >> The spellings of medieval names, esp. ones from languages not natively >> written in the Latin alphabet, are of course notoriously variable. One >> particular variability that has struck me, however, concerns Mongol >> names, where voiced and voiceless consonants seem to alternate without >> apparent rhyme or reason: Genghis v. Chinggis, Chagatai v. Chagadai v. >> Jagatai (v. umpteen other variants), etc. Is there some phonetic or >> palaeographic reason for this hesitation? >> >> -- >> Andreas Johansson >> >> Why can't you be a non-conformist just like everybody else? >> > -- Andreas Johansson Why can't you be a non-conformist just like everybody else?