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Does anybody know of a language whose orthography consistently
distinguishes between two non-contrastive allophones? A hypothetical
example would be a world in which English orthography was designed by
colonizers from India, who assigned different Devanagari symbols to
aspirated and unaspirated voiceless consonants in English, despite the
fact that those sounds don't contrast and have a completely
complimentary distribution.

The nearest example that I can think of is Romanian, in which the
phones a/ə are in mostly-complimentary distribution, but the
orthography distinguishes them anyway as a/ӑ. However, there are some
contexts in which those phones *do* contrast, including some important
morphological alternations, which makes this a poor example of what
I'm looking for.

-- 
JS Bangs
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