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On Sep 22, 2010, at 6:18 PM, Eugene Oh wrote:

> It isn't that straightforward. Grammatical inflection is not marked, but to
> a native speaker "irn" doesn't simply decompose into "love + person", but
> rather "loved (passive participle) + person", vs. "aixin" which decomposes
> into "loving (active participle) + heart" = "compassion, kindliness".
> 

What determines what kind of participle it is? Is it just hard-wired into each compound?