OOPS... I was thinking in terms of natlangs. Here's what I'm thinking:

Acc_prep noun verb dative_prep noun nominative_prep noun

The pencil gave to the boy the teacher.

The most important item in the sentence is "pencil" and pencil as opposed to
"pen". The second is "boy" and boy instead of "girl".

We might emphasize it:

The teacher gave the PENCIL to the BOY.

Then it makes me think about having the verb be the most important.

Verb acc_prep noun dative_prep noun nominative_prep noun

The teacher GAVE the PENCIL to the student. (As opposed to loaning the

One would then wonder how do you tell whether it is a question or a
statement. We can start a question with an Adverb (how, why, when, where)
but then I suppose that in this case I would need some sort of marker for a
question (Polish: czy; French: est-ce que; Portugues que e que)

Thinking on this some more, languages that inflect nouns could make those
sentences without prepositions at all.

Maybe I've already answered my own questions... 

-----Original Message-----
From: Constructed Languages List [mailto:[log in to unmask]] On
Behalf Of Philip Newton
Sent: October 30, 2011 2:41 PM
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: Re: Focus & Nominative & lack of articles.

On Sun, Oct 30, 2011 at 03:12, Scott Hlad <[log in to unmask]> wrote:
> Does anyone know of any language that has a nominative
> preposition?

Are you looking for natlangs, or also conlangs?

And are you looking for cases where the nominative is always
introduced by a preposition, or simply for prepositions that always
take the nominative?

If the latter (in both cases), then Mark Rosenfelder's Verdurian has a
preposition _eta_ "about, concerning", which takes the nominative, for

And German _als_ "as, in the position of, in the capacity of, qua" (as
in "As your father, I suggest that you ...") takes the nominative:
e.g. "als dein Vater" (as your father) or "als großer Liebhaber der
Künste" (as a great connoisseur/amateur of the arts).

As, for that matter, does English "as", at least in
prescriptive/conservative dialects: "I am not as big as _he_".

Though on second thoughts, neither of those always take the
nominative; rather, they take the "appropriate" case (for example,
accusative in cases such as "Ich sah ihn als _meinen Vater_ an" [I
regarded him as my father] or "I have always loved you as much as

Philip Newton <[log in to unmask]>