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On Tue, Jan 24, 2012 at 12:25 PM, Eric Christopherson <[log in to unmask]>wrote:

> On Jan 24, 2012, at 10:48 AM, Padraic Brown wrote:
>
> > --- On Mon, 1/23/12, Ian Spolarich <[log in to unmask]> wrote:
> >
> >> At this point, I came across the construction "I am to
> >> sing." This is a
> >> curious construction, I think, and it appears occasionally
> >> in things like
> >> "he is to speak at the benefit," or something.
> >
> > Strange to say, but it looks like an ordinary supine to me. I think this
> > would answer to the first supine in Latin: venit in curia oratum sort of
> > thing. Dunno if they had benefits in those days...
> >
> >> -Ian
> >>
> >> Also--what is the technical term for this construction?
> >
> > Padraic
> >
>
> One thing that strikes me about this construction (the English one) is
> that it can act like an imperative, but filtered through a 3rd party. E.g.
> "They are to be in bed by 8:00" basically means "Tell them to be in bed by
> 8:00".
>

Even stronger than that: "Put them to bed by 8:00." And then the imperative
isn't to the ones going to bed at all.

stevo

>
> I think the Latin gerund is similar in expressing either futurity or
> expectation or obligation, right? E.g. _addendum_ "thing which will be
> added"; _memorandum_ "thing which should be remembered"; _Delenda est!_ "It
> must be destroyed!"
>