>I'm not sure how natural the multiple umlauts are. Any comments? The umlauts I know have a historical order to them. In Welsh, a-umlaut comes before i-umlaut, so that L. _grammatica_ becomes W. _gramadeg_ rather than _*gremedeg_. Celtic and Germanic umlaut likes final syllables, for some reason, although there are other assimilation processes triggered by consonants; and your changes remind me more of the latter: e > i > y before g + vowel: _*tegos_ > _tig_ > _ty_ 'house' e > i > y before nasal + stop, or liquid + stop: _tempora_ > _tymor_ e > a before r + cons.: _serpens_ > _sarff_ e > i > y before ss, st: _testis_ > _tyst_ e > a/o after non-syllabic u: _vesper-_ > _gosper_ >This results in 7 vowels Not 6? Or do you have a [y] > [i] in there?