On 2012-10-17 at 20:37:20 -0300, Leonardo Castro wrote: > On the other hand, teaching local dialects can be viewed as some kind of > separatism. > > A student in Parma would better study standard Italian which is understood > everywhere > or Emiliano-Romagnolo which is almost itself an ensemble of mutually > unintelligible languages > (as told by an Italian to me)? To add to the confusion: the dialects of Italy aren't dialects of Italian, but of different languages with little standardization _. ..  as an example: literature in western lombard uses a different variety and different ortography in every province where it is used, at 25-50km distance. Actual dialects of Italian _ haven't diverged much; the working classes only started speaking italian with the introduction of national TV in the 1950s, and they aren't an issue in politics. ..  except of course for the Tuscany ones, since Italian is a standardized variety of the language spoken in Tuscany. Imposing a standard national language used to be a totalitarian nationalist right issue, but back then countries who had a left-leaning totalitarian regime were doing the same, so I suspect the "totalitarian" part is more relevant than the "right-left" one. Nowadays, in Italy the promotion of dialects (actually, regional languages) is one of the propaganda points of the populist right, together with various forms of separatism. The left is opposed to separatism, but is usually silent on the local languages issue, except for not considering it very high in the budget allocation priorities). -- Elena ``of Valhalla''