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Errata --

Am 10.01.2013 12:43, schrieb Carsten Becker:

>    Sā   konja    ya     veneyang  bariley.
>    Sā₁  kond-ya  ya -Ø₁ veney-ang bari-ley
>    CAUF eat -3SM 3SM.T  dog  -A   meat-P
>    'He makes the dog eat meat.'
>
>    (CAUF = causative focus/voice; T = topic; A = actor; P = patient)
>
> In this example, the 3sg pronoun _yasa_ 'due/because to him' encodes the
> causer, or anterior agent, and gets marked differently from a regular
> agent. This is then raised into ~subject position [2] by marking the
> verb at the front of the clause for causative "voice".

Due to the change in marking, the pronoun morphs into its 
case-unmarked/topic form, so there is no word _yasa_ at the surface 
realization of the sentence. The person marking on the verb is meant to 
agree with the dog, not with the causer.

> However,
> according to Comrie, it's extremely common for languages to not
> distinguish the two.

The two being agent and causer.

> However, conlanging would be conlanging if there weren't
> ANADEW,

Of course, conlanging *wouldn't* be conlanging without ANADEW.

-CB

-- 
Benung. The Ayeri Language Resource: http://benung.nfshost.com
Der Sprachbaukasten: http://sanstitre.nfshost.com/sbk