On Fri, 1 Feb 2013 08:53:41 -0800, Roger Mills <[log in to unmask]> wrote: >--- On Thu, 1/31/13, neo gu <[log in to unmask]> wrote: >So instead of working on Jan12 vocabulary or Jan19, I've spent the last couple days on Jan29. Jan29 is one of theose conlangs where all verbs are univalent: most words are pairs of noun or pronoun plus verb or case. The verbs come in different classes according to the role of the arguments they're paired with. There are 5 classes: > >• verbs that combine with the subject: large, fall, run >• verbs that combine with the locatee: inside * >• verbs that combine with the patient: throw, break >• verbs that combine with the experiencer: see, think >• verbs that combine with the theme: give, say > >* I tried combining these with the location noun first, but locatee actually works better. > >What I'm trying to decide now before I go too far is what to call each class and what single-letter abbreviation to use in the vocabulary (after V for verb). So, suggestions are welcome! Also, I can provide example sentences if desired. They might be interesting. (Meanwhile, I need to come up with a phonology.) >======================================== > >Are "subject, locatee, patient, experincer, theme" etc. distinct cases? Examples are always helpful ....................:-) Actually, no, now that I think about it. It's the other nouns that take the case marking. Some quick examples: dog-run Rel-large. "The large dog ran." cat-inside house-Loc. "The cat is inside the house." rock-throw boy-Agt Sub-Rsl window-break. "The boy threw the rock, breaking the window." 1S-see boy-Img. "I saw the boy." man-Agt Rfx-Abl girl-All IndS-book. "The man gave the girl a book." Mary-Agt 1S-hear Sub-say picture-fall. "Mary told me that the picture fell." Rel- relative pronoun Rfx- refers to agent Sub- begins subordinate clause -Loc location -Agt agent -Rsl result -Img what's perceived -Abl source -All destination However, the syntax doesn't require any given word to be in the clause. Both rock-throw and boy-Agt are complete sentences by themselves.