> From: Leonardo Castro <[log in to unmask]>

> Yes, I referred to the author as someone external to what is being reported, not
> necessarily an author of a book.

Uh. Okay. I guess I'm not getting what you mean by "author" here. Nor if it's
even important that the word chosen žs "author"...

> In other words, I want to know if any languages get the concepts of "no" and "deny"
> from the same word. Or "yes" and "affirm", "may" and "guess", etc.

Okay, that seemed to come right out of left field. I suppose the answer could be
yes, I'm sure there's probably at least one language that derives those words
from the same root...

All I can say is, it ain't English! :)


----- Original Message -----
> From: Garth Wallace <[log in to unmask]>
> To: Padraic Brown <[log in to unmask]>
> Cc: 
> Sent: Friday, 28 June 2013, 17:42
> Subject: Re: Mood and author opinion
> On Fri, Jun 28, 2013 at 1:15 PM, Padraic Brown <[log in to unmask]> 
> wrote:
>>>  From: Leonardo Castro <[log in to unmask]>
>>>  "Possibly, it will rain."
>>>  "Hardly, it will rain."
>>>  "Probably, it will rain."
>>>  "Negatively it's raining." (I guess this one is not 
> really said.)
>>>  Do any nat or conlangs express this type of ideas by means of a
>>>  specific conjugation of verbs such as "guess", 
> "believe",
>>>  "deny", "affirms", etc., instead of using 
> "might",
>>>  "probably", "not", "yes", etc.?
>>  I am sure the answer to this would be "yes"! ;)
>>  I think what you're asking about here is evidentiality: 
> It sounds like he's still talking about modality to me, just using
> inflections rather than modal auxiliaries. The answer is still yes,
> it'd just get called a mood system AIUI. And polarity too if you
> include "negatively" (I think he means "not").