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Construction Grammar. http://www.constructiongrammar.org/

On Wed, Sep 17, 2014 at 5:46 PM, Gary Shannon <[log in to unmask]> wrote:

> Is there a term for this concept?
>
> I'm playing around with yet another grammar the concept behind it is that
> "chunks" (for lack of a better name since they don't always fit the
> definition of clauses or phrases) have a specific "fine structure" defined
> by a fixed word order, but individual chunks can be assembled into a
> sentence in any order whatsoever. So at the fine structure level word order
> is fixed, but at the coarse sentence level, chunk order is completely free
> since chunks are always marked.
>
> Likewise, chunks can be nested, and at each level there is free order as
> well, since each sub-chunk is actually a marked chunk as well.
>
> E.g.: [S>Many little girls [with> wreaths [of> flowers [on> their heads]]]]
> [V>danced] [around> the May-pole].
>
> (The word or symbol to the left of the ">" is the marker.)
>
> [S>Many little girls [with> wreaths [of> flowers [on> their heads]]]]
> [S>[with> wreaths [of> flowers [on> their heads]]] Many little girls]
>
> [S>The weary traveler] [V>slept] [soundly].
> [S>The weary traveler] [soundly] [V>slept].
> [V>slept] [soundly] [S>The weary traveler].
> [V>slept] [S>The weary traveler] [soundly].
>
> [S>The boy] [V>said] [O>[that> [S>his mother] [V>was] [away-from> home]]].
> [S>The boy] [V>said] [O>[that> [away-from> home] [S>his mother] [V>was]]].
>
> So what is something like this called?
>