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vel sim ?

> On Jan 13, 2017, at 6:51 PM, Alex Fink <[log in to unmask]> wrote:
> 
> Victor Mair recently posted on Language Log an episode of the program
> _Detective Knight Scoop_ exploring what one exclaims when unexpectedly
> splashed with water across Kyūshū.
>  http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=30304
> 
> It's a watchworthy piece of dialectography by itself.  But I'm
> prompted to write by the discussion started by commenter jf: in
> Japanese a large number of such exclamations are in fact meaningful,
> parsable utterances (if not complete sentences), and are no less
> reflexive for it.  So where we would say "ouch", the Japanese would
> say _itai_ which is the adjective 'painful', or _atsui_ the adj.
> 'hot', vel sim. as the case may be.  Where we might gasp in surprise
> Japanese has
>  _bikkuri shita_   startledness do.PFV,
> a full light verb phrase.
> 
> It was a familiar phenomenon to me that interjections can take
> advantage of segments, or combinatory possibilities, not in the
> phonology proper.  I think this varies by language: for instance
> English has exceptional things like "tsk" (a click, outside its
> spelling pronunciation), "yeah" (unchecked lax vowel).  Japanese, as
> far as I can tell, doesn't really have this phenomenon either (does
> final [?] count?)
> 
> So now we have two points of variation as to whether interjections
> count as "part of the grammar": one is whether the phonology
> encompasses them, the other is whether they're formed of normal
> lexemes, or use normal morphosyntax, or something like this.
> 
> Obquestion: does anyone have in their conlang an interesting behaviour
> of interjections, or some other peripheral class of words, with
> respect to partial integration into the rest of the grammar?
> 
> AFMCLs the best I can come up with is Sabasasaj which does the funny
> segments thing: [o:] attention-getter, [AX\] for annoyance, [sa?]
> 'stop!' where [o:, X\, ?] don't belong to any phoneme.
> 
> Alex (in whose idiolect "ouch" can mean 'that must have hurt that
> thing!', which vexes Sai no end)