English actually also lets you separate these out, though it’s less natural: I sent Jim the ball by kicking it. It struck me that the more obvious rewrite simply adds the dropped preposition: I kicked the ball to Jim. In English, when you drop a preposition, a lot of time it repositions the natural location of the object. On Thursday, April 26, 2018, 3:12:07 PM MDT, Aidan Aannestad <[log in to unmask]> wrote: I've written a rather long thing (fifteen full pages in Google Docs) about lexical typology - https://docs.google.com/document/d/13EfxlxUSGctXuE_vRGiTYXrqYOBC07TmWSRfY_mXU_I/edit?usp=sharing. It's not fully complete (there's two sections left to write, and I'd like to polish and reformat it in LaTeX eventually), but I'd love some comments on it now anyway. (The document is set up to allow anyone to comment right on it, if you want to.) The introduction explains it better than I can in any other way - "This article is largely an attempt to break down, process and regurgitate the contents of Leonard Talmy’s article ‘Lexical Typologies’ in /Language Typology and Syntactic Description, volume 3//./ I bought this book on recommendation from the Conlanger’s Library for totally different reasons, and this particular article has blown my mind so wide open that I had to sit down and rewrite its contents for myself to even begin to wrap my head around the whole new world it’s presented to me. I’ve largely kept to the structure of his article, but I’ve inserted comments relevant to conlanging here and there, and added some natlang examples from my own experience and reading. Hopefully this rewriting proves as helpful to others to read as it is to me to write - and certainly, the information here is revolutionising my conlanging. There are huge opportunities here for extremely inventive and deeply flavourful conlanging, in ways that have to the best of my knowledge have remained mostly unexplored so far. " I'm not quite sure what to do with this article, honestly. I don't have a personal website to upload it to, and I've submitted to Fiat Lingua so recently that my article is still the current issue (plus, this one is a reprocessing of someone else's article and not by any means an original creation). I probably ought to get a personal website at some point, if I keep doing these things, though! If I don't, though, I'm not sure where to put it - I'd welcome suggestions!