On Wed, 21 Oct 1998, R. Skrintha wrote, talking about Hindi: > Btw, there are some ergative-like sentences also for perceptional/mental > verbs/emotional verbs, wherein the ergative function is supplied by the > formal dative case: > > mujhe yah maloom hai > me-DAT this known is > "I know this" > > Similarly, in Tamil, too: > > enakku itu teriyum > me-DAT this known > "I know this" This isn't exactly an ergative construction, but rather a (probably) related construction called the "experiencer dative". Other languages that have experiencer dative subjects include German, Icelandic, Korean, Georgian, and my conlang Tokana (only the last two of which have ergative characteristics). An example from Tokana: Inai Tsione ionah eiosok the:Dat John-Dat know-the answer "John knows the answer" Or, with the object as preverbal topic: Te eiosok ionana Tsione the:Abs answer know-the John-Dat "The answer is known to John" I'm interested to see that Tamil has the experiencer dative construction alongside Hindi. Does Tamil also have split-ergativity? (I seem to remember that the Dravidian languages are nominative/accusative, but I may be mistaken...) Matt.