On Tue, 20 Oct 1998, Nik Taylor wrote: > Also, did Old English have "be + dative" for I have? Is that the source > of Modern English "woe is me"? That is "woe is (to) me" = "I have woe" > = "I am woeful"? It's certainly not a simple identity, it's not *"I am > woe". I don't know anything about Old English, but I wouldn't be surprised if you'd hit the nail on the head. Certainly the German equivalent "Weh ist mir" is a be+dative construction. Matt.